Participant FAQs

How did the Love Research Army get started?

Dr. Susan Love, like many members of the breast cancer community, was frustrated by the slow advancements in learning what causes breast cancer and how to prevent it. In order to learn more about the causes, prevention, and treatment of cancer, researchers need to work with volunteers to explore possible solutions. Scientists, however, told Dr. Love that they did not know how to find people who would be interested in taking part in the studies that were needed to end this disease. Without people to participate in studies, new and innovative research solutions are impossible.

Dr. Love realized that many people want to help find breast cancer solutions and are willing to participate in studies—they just didn't know that they were needed! From this, the idea was born of a Love Research Army, ready to serve science.

Is this the same program as the Army of Women?

Yes! In 2020, after recognizing over 10 years as the Army of Women, we changed our name to Love Research Army to better reflect the Dr. Susan Love Foundation's longstanding commitment to fostering inclusive research. You may see references to the Army of Women, or AOW, in previous study reports, webinars, and publications.

Why is it called the Love Research Army?

Our goal is to raise breast cancer research and the search for a cause to a new level—one that will take a lot of people to accomplish. The word "army" means a large group of people united for a specific purpose. We feel this aptly describes the volunteers who are ready and willing to participate: a dedicated army, seeking to end breast cancer once and for all.

Who is conducting these studies?

Studies supported by the Love Research Army are conducted by research teams at centers and institutions around the country. While these studies are not conducted by the Dr. Susan Love Foundation for Breast Cancer Research, each study goes through a review process with our research team and our external Scientific Advisory Committee.

What types of studies does the Army support?

There are many different types of studies that we support. Some might require you to complete a questionnaire, while others might need a sample of blood, urine, saliva, breast fluid, or breast tissue. Some studies might be clinical trials testing a new detection marker or a new treatment. You decide which studies you want to take part in!

Why should I sign up?

Dr. Susan Love Foundation's Love Research Army is a revolutionary initiative, connecting people of all ages, ethnicities, and locations to researchers committed to solving important breast cancer questions. We encourage anyone interested in breast cancer research to join. Research studies need participants who have been diagnosed with breast cancer and those with no history of breast cancer, and people who are considered high-risk. Our goal is to forge partnerships between members of the Love Research Army and the scientific community.

Breast cancer has been around for decades, but it does not have to be our future. We can be the generation that stops breast cancer once and for all by figuring out what causes this disease and how to prevent it! This is your chance to be part of the research that will end breast cancer.

How does the Love Research Army work?

Interested volunteers can register on the Love Research Army website. Signup is easy: members are asked to provide basic information such as name, age, ethnicity, and location.

After you sign up, you will receive periodic email updates from the Love Research Army with information on supported research studies that are looking for volunteers. These emails will include the study's procedures and eligibility criteria. If you fit the criteria and you'd like to participate, all you need to do is sign up on the Love Research Army website and, if you are deemed eligible, your contact information is given to the researcher conducting the study.

You will never be pressured to take part in any study. Participation is completely voluntary. The decision to take part is yours alone. If you meet the study criteria as determined by the researcher and are interested in taking part, the study researcher will let you know what you need to do next.

Who can join the Love Research Army?

People with breast cancer can join the Love Research Army, along with those who have never had breast cancer. We need as many people as possible to participate!

Can men join the Love Research Army?

Yes! In fact, we strongly encourage male breast cancer survivors and men who have immediate relatives who have been diagnosed with breast cancer to sign up and be part of the Love Research Army.

Can people residing outside of the U.S. join the Love Research Army?

Yes, people from all over the world are welcome to sign up and be part of the Love Research Army.

How does the Love Research Army help researchers?

One of the biggest obstacles to conducting research on humans is finding people to participate in studies. Due to many factors, it is difficult and time-consuming and it can delay the start or progress of the study. The Love Research Army provides a significant and cost-effective resource for researchers to find people who meet their study criteria, allowing them to move into the research phase much more quickly.

Why do some studies only allow certain breast cancer stages, genders, or ages?

The Love Research Army program encourages researchers to study a variety of people and all stages of disease whenever possible. This is a consideration that we present to all research teams looking to partner with the Love Research Army. Depending on the study, some investigators are able to make changes to broaden their target populations—other times, they are unable to include this group due to IRB restrictions, safety concerns, or data suggesting this group may not benefit from the intervention. We are committed to push every Love Research Army supported researcher to expand their breast cancer research to include every possible population.

Why do researchers want to study healthy people?

The basic research in breast cancer has been done in the laboratory and on animals, or with samples collected and stored from people with breast cancer. Researchers use animals and samples from a "tissue bank" because they don't have ready access to healthy people. But what we learn from animals doesn't always translate into how cancer develops in humans, and tissue samples only from a person with cancer may not help solve the puzzle of what caused the cancer. The Love Research Army allows researchers to conduct a wider array of studies and to solve the puzzle as to how breast cancer starts and how to stop it!

What exactly will I have to do in a study?

It depends on the type of study. Studies may need volunteers who will:

  • Complete a questionnaire.
  • Donate blood samples.
  • Donate saliva.
  • Donate urine samples.
  • Donate a small sample of breast tissue. This would typically involve having a core needle biopsy done under local anesthesia as an outpatient. Your breast will look exactly the same as it did before the tissue was removed.
  • Donate breast fluid. This would be done with a breast pump. You would be asked to massage your breast and squeeze your nipple prior to the pump being placed on your nipple. The procedure usually takes 1-15 minutes per breast.
  • Donate breast fluid obtained through ductoscopy and/or ductal lavage. This procedure obtains fluid from the breast by washing out the breast ducts.
  • When it comes to medical research, blood, urine, breast fluid and breast tissue are all considered "tissue." Scientists use this type of tissue for a wide range of medical research studies.

How does a researcher apply to the Love Research Army for participants?

Researchers must apply to the Love Research Army for the opportunity to recruit volunteers for their research. Every study undergoes a scientific, safety, and ethical review.

How will my privacy be maintained?

The Love Research Army staff will ensure that your contact information remains confidential. All researchers who recruit from the Love Research Army agree to follow the strict confidentiality guidelines enforced nationwide by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA).

How long will it be before I get to participate in a study?

We send out email notifications to Love Research Army members every time a new study becomes available. Each email explains the type of person the researchers need for their study. For example, some researchers will be conducting studies that only need premenopausal or postmenopausal women while others may need only women who have not had children or only women who live in a certain geographic area. As a result, you may receive several emails before you find a study that interests you and that you qualify for.

What if I don't want to participate in a certain study?

You choose which, if any, research studies you would like to be involved in. You will never be asked to leave the Love Research Army because you did not participate in a research study.

Can I forward the emails I receive on to others who I think might be interested?

Yes. We will provide you with a way to forward the emails to friends or family members you think might be interested in joining the Love Research Army and taking part in a specific research study. We depend on you to help us get the job done. Please spread the word!

Will I get to learn what the researchers find out?

Yes. We want to forge a partnership between our members and the scientific community, so to facilitate this connection, we offer webinars to allow researchers recruiting via the Love Research Army to speak with our members, discuss results, answer questions, and offer potential opportunities for further investigation based on their results.