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Latina Breast Cancer Initiative

Annette Stanton, PhD, University of California, Los Angeles, and Betina Yanez, PhD, University of California, Los Angeles
Study abstract

This study seeks to investigate psychological and physical adjustment to a breast cancer diagnosis in a diverse sample of Latina women by testing the predictive utility of a theoretically grounded and culturally-relevant model of determinants of adjustment to breast cancer in a sample of Latina women from diverse socioeconomic backgrounds. Determinants of adjustment include acculturation, coping, surgical treatment consequences, life stress, illness beliefs, and efficacy in patient-physician communication. Adjustment will be indicated by psychological (e.g., clinically significant depression, cancer-specific distress) and physical (e.g., fatigue) indexes of quality of life. Women will complete an initial assessment within one year of diagnosis and a follow-up assessment three months later in order to measure change in adjustment. All interviews will be conducted by phone.

Study review

Among Latinas, breast cancer is the most common diagnosis of cancer. However, little research has been dedicated to investigating Latinas’ experiences with breast cancer and more studies are needed to understand factors that contribute to Latinas’ quality of life following treatment. The Latina Breast Cancer Initiative hopes to better understand women’s experiences with breast cancer in order to find the best ways in which health care providers can work to improve Latinas’ experiences through cancer and their quality of life following treatment for breast cancer. In an effort to find the best way to help medical providers and Latinas diagnosed with breast cancer, researchers developed a study to investigate Latinas’ experience with cancer. The focus of this study is on quality of life and the psychological adjustment after breast cancer diagnosis and treatment. A total of 150 women were needed for this study. The study was opened to the Army of Women on March 7, 2012. The Army of Women responded with 34 volunteers to participate in this study as of September 19, 2013 when the study was closed.

Study proposal